New York

In exchange with the American photographic scene, German speaking émigrés photographers, photojournalists, photo agents and intellectuals were interlinked with each other and created a vivid visual and urban culture in and of the New York metropolis.

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Buenos Aires

In the early 20th century Buenos Aires was one the most important arrival cities in America with a foreign population of 25% by 1914. Exiles and locals intermingled in groups and practices that increased the city’s cultural and artistic dynamics.

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Artists, photographers, architects and intellectuals who emigrated to London during the National Socialist era often worked in exchange with the local art scene, leading to a visual culture of exile in urban contexts.

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Istanbul in the early 20th century had ‘accommodated’ Russian-speaking artists who have been compelled to leave their homes after the revolution in the 1920s, and German-speaking architects and artists who fled from the Nazi regime in the 1930–40s.

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Cosmopolitan and interconnected, the Bombay of the 1930s and 40s offered exiled creatives from Europe an open field for cultural co-creation. The resulting mutual exchanges shaped modern movements in the arts from painting to film to dance to music.

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Shanghai’s population growth has been accompanied by massive refugee movements – at the same time, the modern metropolis has become a theatre of war. This changed the lively urban art scene, as it was increasingly confronted with the political developments.

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