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Querido Inc.

  • Name:
    Querido Inc.
  • Kind of Organisation:
    Publishing House
  • Introduction:

    Fritz H. Landshoff’s Querido publishing house was originally an offshoot of Emanuel Querido's Querido Uitgeverij Dutch publishing house in Amsterdam. Querido Verlag was created in 1933 to publish work by German political exiles.

    Word Count: 33

  • Content:

    Fritz Landshoff (1901–1988), who was the uncle second degree of the émigré photographer Hermann Landshoff, published numerous persecuted and renowned authors, such as Alfred Döblin, Heinrich Eduard Jacob, Lion Feuchtwanger, Emil Ludwig, Klaus Mann, Heinrich Mann, Thomas Mann, Gustav Regler, Anna Seghers, Ernst Toller, Arnold Zweig and many others. In 1940 Landshoff escaped the German occupation of the Netherlands by going to work in London. He was able to emigrate to New York via Mexico in 1941. His publishing partner, Emanuel Querido, and his family failed to escape. They were arrested and murdered in 1943 in the Sobibor extermination camp. In 1942, together with the German émigré publisher Gottfried Bermann Fischer, Landshoff founded the L. B. Fischer Publishing Corporation, which lasted until 1946.

    Records and publications of the time offer no hint that a New York branch of Querido ever existed. But a letterhead in the archive of Fred Stein shows that Querido Inc. was located in 1947 at 381 Forth Avenue (today’s Park Avenue). While in the process of publishing 5th Avenue, his first photobook, with Pantheon Books, in January 1946 Fred Stein was also in contact with Fritz H. Landshoff to publish the French edition with Querido. A further letter shows that Fred Stein received confirmation that the photobook would be published by Querido in January 1947. Whether Fred Stein knew Fritz H. Landshoff from his time in Germany or through the network of exiled authors and intellectuals in New York or through the photographer Hermann Landshoff is not known. Since Fred Stein photographed many émigré writers and cultural intellectuals, one of his photographic series included Fritz H. Landshoff’s founding partner Gottfried Berman Fischer of the L.B. Fischer publishing house – it is very possible that they were in contact. Hermann Landshoff also photographed a number of émigré artist and intellectuals in New York and produced a series of portraits of Fritz H. Landshoff between 1968 and 1974.

    Further research has brought to light that Fred Stein’s book was not the only one to be published under the auspices of Querido Inc. in New York. During 1944 and 1947 several books were published – mostly English translations of Dutch literature and art: The Lion Rampant. The Story of Holland’s Resistance to the Nazis (1944); How to End the German Menace. By five Hollanders (1944); Harvest of the Lowlands. Collection Dutch Prose Since 1880, edited by Jan Gershoff (1946); The Platter by A. M. De Jong (1946); Three Witnesses by Sjoerd Leiker, translated from Dutch (1946); The Shadow of the Sword by James C. De Wilde (1946); Calendar and Engagement Book for 1947 featuring a collection of Dutch paintings (1947); Rembrandt. Etchings (1947); The Pawn by Bart Landheer, (1947). It can therefore be estimated that the New York branch existed probably from 1943 to 1948. Querido was not the only publishing house to support émigré as well as the transnational transfer of knowledge. Among the others who did so were: J.J. Augustin, Oceana Publications, Schocken Books and Pantheon Books.

    Further correspondence between Fritz H. Landshoff and Fred Stein in 1946 shows that, in addition to running the New York branch, Landshoff also tried to restart Querido Verlag N.V. in Amsterdam, at the address Singel 262. In 1948 the Bermann Fischer/Querido Verlag N.V. publishing house was established in Amsterdam, with Fritz H. Landshoff as a partner. It ran until 1951, when it became part of S. Fischer Verlag N.V..

    It can be said that from the mid-1940s to the 1950s, the life and work of Fritz H. Landshoff was divided between the Netherlands and New York, but the exact details of the restarting of Querdio after 1945 are unclear, as are the dates. From 1953 to 1986 Landshoff worked for the New York art publisher Harry N. Abrams as managing vice-director of his bookstore. (See Hermann Landshoff's portrait of Harry N. Abrams) Two year later, in 1988 he died in Haarlem in the Netherlands.

    Word Count: 629

  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    381 Fourth Avenue (todays Park Avenue), Turtle Bay, Manhattan, New York City.

  • Signature Image:
    Letterhead of Querido Inc. in New York (© Fred Stein Archive).
  • Media:
    Letter from Querido Inc. to Fred Stein, 10 January 1947 (© Fred Stein Archive).
    Cover of the French edition 5th Avenue (Querido, 1947) by Fred Stein (© Fred Stein Archive).
    Portrait of Fritz H. Landshoff (of Querido Publishing House) by Fred Stein, 1944 (© Fred Stein Archive).
    Portrait of Kurt Wolff (of publishing house Pantheon Books) by Fred Stein, 1959 (© Fred Stein Archive).
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Cazden, Robert E. “The Free German Book Trade in the United States, 1933–45.” The Library Quarterly, vol. 37, no. 4, October 1967, pp. 348–365. JSTOR. Accessed 17 March 2021.

    Fischer, Ernst. Verleger, Buchhändler und Antiquare aus Deutschland und Österreich in der Emigration nach 1933. De Gruyter, 2020.

    Krohn, Claus-Dieter, et al., editors. Exilforschung: Ein internationales Jahrbuch, vol. 18: Exile im 20. Jahrhundert. edition text + kritik, 2000.

    Palmier, Jean-Michel.Weimar in Exile: The Antifascist Emigration in Europe and America. Verso, 2006.

    Spring, Ulrike. Verlagstätigkeit im niederländischen Exil 1933–1940 (thesis). University Vienna, Vienna, 1994. Wienbibliothek.

    Walter, Hans-Albert, editor. Fritz H. Landshoff und der Querido Verlag, 1933–1950. Deutsche Schillergesellschaft, 1997.

    Word Count: 93

  • Archives and Sources:

    Word Count: 14

  • Acknowledgements:

    My deepest thanks go to Peter Stein for providing me with photographs and archival material of the Fred Stein Estate.

    Word Count: 20

  • Author:
    Helene Roth
  • Date of Founding:
    1943
  • Date of Disbandment:
    1948
  • Participants (selection):

    Fritz H. Landshoff, Fred Stein.

  • Metropolis:
    New York
  • Entry in process:
    no
  • Helene Roth. "Querido Inc.." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2948/object/5145-11009881, last modified: 09-06-2021.
  • Fred Stein
    PhotographerLawyer

    Always accompanied by his camera, the German émigré photographer Fred Stein discovered New York City during the 1940s and 1950s. His pictures provide an human and multifaceted view of the metropolis.

    Word Count: 31

    Fred Stein, Self-portrait, 1941 (© Fred Stein Archive).
    Fred Stein, El at Water Street, 1946 (© Fred Stein Archive).Portrait Alvin Saunders Johnson by Fred Stein, New School for Research Archive, Photograph Collection (© Fred Stein Archive). Children Photographs exhibition by Fred Stein, April 1947 (© Fred Stein Archive).Affidavit in Lieu of Passport (© Fred Stein Archive).Fred Stein, Anette Kolb, New York, 1945 (© Fred Stein Archive).Fritz Neugass. “The saga of the S.S. Winnipeg.” Modern Photography, July 1951, pp. 72–73 (Photo: Helene Roth).Black Star contract by Fred Stein, April 1, 1944 (© Fred Stein Archive).New York 1949 calendar by Fred Stein, Lumen Publisher (© Fred Stein Archive).Mixed articles and reviews on 5th Avenue photobook form Fred Stein's scrapbook (© Fred Stein Archive).Portrait of Fritz H. Landshoff (of Querido Publishing House) by Fred Stein, 1944 (© Fred Stein Archive).Portrait of Kurt Wolff (of publishing house Pantheon Books) by Fred Stein, 1959 (© Fred Stein Archive).Announcement by Pantheon Books from Fred Stein’s scrapbook (© Fred Stein Archive).Rapho Guillumette agency letter to Fred Stein, 1944 (© Fred Stein Archive).Cover of 5th Avenue photobook (Pantheon Books, 1947) by Fred Stein (© Fred Stein Archive).
    New York
    Chinatown U.S.A.
    Photobook

    Chinatown U.S.A. is a photobook published by the German émigré photographer Elizabeth Coleman in 1946 focusing on American-Chinese communities in New York and San Francisco.

    Word Count: 26

    Cover of Chinatown U.S.A., by Elizabeth Coleman (The John Day Company, 1946).
    Front page of Chinatown U.S.A, edited by Elizabeth Coleman, The John Day Company, 1946 (Archive Helene Roth)."Learning to read and write English in Public school ... and Chinese in Chinese school." Chinatown U.S.A., by Elizabeth Coleman (The John Day Company, 1946).Last page of Chinatown U.S.A., by Elizabeth Coleman (The John Day Company, 1946).Review of Chinatown U.S.A. in The Pittsburg Press, 25 August 1946, p. 46.Review of Chinatown U.S.A in Popular Photography, October 1946, p. 184.
    New York
    5th Avenue
    Photobook

    5th Avenue was the first photobook by Fred Stein and was created in 1947 with the publishing house Pantheon Books.

    Word Count: 19

    Cover of 5th Avenue photobook (Pantheon Books, 1947) by Fred Stein (© Fred Stein Archive).
    First page of 5th Avenue (Pantheon Books, 1947) by Fred Stein (© Fred Stein Archive).Page of 5th Avenue (Pantheon, 1947) by Fred Stein.Last page of 5th Avenue (Pantheon Books, 1947) by Fred Stein (© Fred Stein Archive).Cover of the French edition 5th Avenue (Querido, 1947) by Fred Stein (© Fred Stein Archive).Mixed articles and reviews on 5th Avenue photobook form Fred Stein's scrapbook (© Fred Stein Archive).Page from Fred Stein’s scrapbook showing Pantheon Books Catalogue (Fall 1946, Spring 1947), which includes 5th Avenue (© Fred Stein Archive).Portrait of Fritz H. Landshoff (of Querido Publishing House) by Fred Stein, 1944 (© Fred Stein Archive).Portrait of Kurt Wolff (of publishing house Pantheon Books) by Fred Stein, 1959 (© Fred Stein Archive).
    New York
    Pantheon Books
    Publishing House

    Pantheon Books was a publishing house founded in 1942 by the German émigré Kurt Wolff (1887–1963) and aimed at the exiled European community in New York.

    Word Count: 24

    Pantheon Books sign (© Fred Stein Archive).
    Cover of 5th Avenue photobook (Pantheon Books, 1947) by Fred Stein (© Fred Stein Archive).First page of 5th Avenue (Pantheon Books, 1947) by Fred Stein (© Fred Stein Archive).Page of 5th Avenue (Pantheon, 1947) by Fred Stein.Last page of 5th Avenue (Pantheon Books, 1947) by Fred Stein (© Fred Stein Archive).Page from Fred Stein’s scrapbook showing Pantheon Books Catalogue (Fall 1946, Spring 1947), which includes 5th Avenue (© Fred Stein Archive).Announcement by Pantheon Books from Fred Stein’s scrapbook (© Fred Stein Archive).Mixed articles and reviews on 5th Avenue photobook form Fred Stein's scrapbook (© Fred Stein Archive).Portrait of Kurt Wolff (of publishing house Pantheon Books) by Fred Stein, 1959 (© Fred Stein Archive).Cover of the French edition 5th Avenue (Querido, 1947) by Fred Stein (© Fred Stein Archive).
    New York
    Hermann Landshoff
    Photographer

    Besides outdoor fashion shots, Hermann Landshoff was a portrait and street photographer. During his time in New York, he captured the cultural, artistic and intellectual émigré scene as well as his photographer colleagues.

    Word Count: 33

    Hermann Landshoff, Selfportrait, New York 1942 (© bpk / Münchner Stadtmuseum, Sammlung Fotografie / Archiv Landshoff).
    Hermann Landshoff, Die Fotografin Lisette Model, New York 1948 (© bpk / Münchner Stadtmuseum, Sammlung Fotografie / Archiv Landshoff).Hermann Landshoff, Der Grafikdesigner, Fotograf und Art Director Alexey Brodovitch in seiner Wohnung, 1942–45, New York (© bpk / Münchner Stadtmuseum, Sammlung Fotografie / Archiv Landshoff).
    New York
    J.J. Augustin Incorporated Publisher
    Publishing House

    J.J. Augustin was a German publishing house in Glückstadt with a long history, going back to 1632. In 1936 the American branch opened in New York with a large artistic and cultural focus.

    Word Count: 33

    Logo and imprint of J.J. Augustin Publishing (Photo: Helene Roth).
    Book cover of Hoyningen-Huene’s photobook Hellas (J.J. Augustin, 1944).Announcement of Roman Towns by Ernest Nash (J.J. Augustin, 1944).Cover of Ballet by Alexey Brodovitch (J.J. Augustin, 1945).Book cover Return to Life through Contrology by Joseph Pilates (J.J. Augustin, 1945).Cartoon Map of New York City. Designed by Henry E. Salloch. (J.J. Augustin, 1938).Book cover Woodcuts of New York by Hans Alexander Mueller (J.J. Augustin, 1938).
    New York
    Schocken Books
    Publishing House

    Schocken Books was a publishing house established in 1945 in New York by the Russian émigré Salman Schocken (1898–1959). It specialised in books on Judaica and Hebrew topics.

    Word Count: 26

    Schocken Books logo (Private Archive Helene Roth).
    Letterhead of Schocken Books Inc., May 1955, Lotte Jacobi Archive, Correspondence (© 2020. University of New Hampshire).Letterhead of Schocken Books Inc., July 1955, Lotte Jacobi Archive, Correspondence (© 2020. University of New Hampshire).Letterhead of Schocken Books Inc., 1973, Lotte Jacobi Archive, Correspondence (© 2020. University of New Hampshire).First page of Polish Jews. A Pictorial Record by Roman Vishniac (Schocken Books, 1947).Robert Cromie. “Exceptional Photos Made by Roman Vishniac.” Chicago Tribune, 7 September 1947, p. 221.
    New York
    Oceana Publications
    Publishing House

    Oceana Publications Inc was a publishing house specialising in law and civil rights founded by the British émigré Philip F. Cohen (1911–1998) in 1945.

    Word Count: 22

    Logo and imprint of Oceana Publications Inc.
    Cover of Immigration Laws of the United States by Carol McCormick Croswell (Oceana Publications, 1953).Cover of How to become a citizen of the United States by Margaret Esther Hall (Oceana Publications, 1953).Cover of Suffer Little Children by Marion Palfi (Oceana Publications, 1952).Review of Marion Palfi's Suffer Little Children by Eleanor Roosevelt published in Des Moines Tribune, 10 December 1952, p. 20.
    New York