Modernage Photographic Services was founded in 1944 by the German émigrés Ralph and Leuba Baum and specialised in photofinishing services. In 1954 a second branch, Modernage Custom Darkrooms, was opened.
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319 East 44th Street, Turtle Bay, Manhattan, New York City (1944–?); 480 Lexington Avenue, Midtown Manhattan, New York City (1954); 6 West 48th Street, Midtown Manhattan, New York City (1955–?).
Anonymous. “Dedication Ceremonies today for Judaica Museum in Bronx.” The New York Times, 16 May 1982, p. 50. Accessed 24 February 2021.
Anonymous. “Obituary Ralph Baum.” The New York Times, 20 April 1984, p. 6. Accessed 24 February 2021.
Anonymous. “Obituary Leuba Baum."The New York Times, 20 August 1997, p. 20. Accessed 24 February 2021.
Exhibition at the EZTV Online Museum. Accessed 9 April 2021.
Gilbert, George.The Illustrated Worldwide Who’s Who of Jews in Photography. G. Gilbert, 1996.
Goldsmith, Arthur.The photography game; what is and how to play it. Viking Press, 1971.
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The German émigrés Kurt S(z)afranski, Ern(e)st Mayer and Kurt Kornfeld founded Black Star in 1936. The photo agency established was a well-run networking institution in New York.
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PIX Publishing Inc. was a photo agency founded in New York in 1935 by photo agent Leon Daniel and Celia Kutschuk, together with German émigré photographers Alfred Eisenstaedt and George Karger.
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Founded in 1940 by the emigrant Charles Rado (1899–1970), Rapho Guillumette was a picture agency.
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Little is known about this photo agency, which was founded by two German émigré brothers, Max Georg and Walter Löwenherz in 1937 in New York
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Pavelle Laboratories was found in 1936 by Leo and Carmen Pavelle and operated on East 42nd Street. It was specialised in the development of miniature camera film and one of the first labs working with colour film.
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JJK Copy-Art was a photo studio and photofinishing service founded in 1929 by the Jewish Austrian émigré James J. Kriegsmann (1909–1994) and was located at 165 West 46th Street.
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Service Photo Suppliers was a photo supplier distributing a wide variety of photo equipment and opened by the German émigré Hans Salomon (1909–?) in 1945.
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Spiratone was a photo company and photo supplier founded in 1941 by the Austrian émigré family Hans (1888–1944) and Paula Spira (?–?) and their son Fred Spira (1924–2007).
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Leco Photo Service was a photofinishing lab, highly-frequented and a contact hub for émigré photographers and photo agencies during the 1930s and 1940s, as well as a provider of employment for women in the photo industry.
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