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Iraida Barry

  • Given name:
    Iraida
  • Last name:
    Barry
  • Alternative names:

    Ираида Барри, Ираида Бари, Iraida Bari, Ираида Вячеславовна Кедрина, Iraida Viacheslavovna Kedrina, Iraida Kedrina

  • Date of Birth:
    10-09-1899
  • Place of Birth:
    Sevastopol’ ()
  • Date of Death:
    1980
  • Place of Death:
    İstanbul (TR)
  • Profession:
    Sculptor
  • Introduction:

    After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Barry settled in Istanbul, where she lived until her death. She is remembered as one of the first female sculptors of the Turkish Republic.

    Word Count: 29

  • Signature Image:
    Iraida Barry, photography, detail (© Cengiz Kahraman Koleksiyonu, Istanbul).
  • Content:

    After the events of the Russian Revolution of 1917, young Iraida Barry settled in Istanbul, where she lived until her death. She is remembered today as one of the first female sculptors of the Turkish Republic.
    While still a child and living in Crimea, Barry was interested in painting and planned to enter Imperial Academy of Arts of the Russian Empire. As a result of her exile, she studied at Sanayi-i Nefise (Imperial School/Academy of Fine Arts) in Istanbul, where she was taught by Ihsan Özsoy. Yet even before studying there, she took part in exhibitions of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople (where she met Dimitri Ismailovitch with whom was in close contact at least till 1927). For instance, her name is mentioned in one of the newspaper reports in connection with the exhibition in June 1923: “The field of sculpture is represented by very few objects, it is pleasant to note the small figurines by Barry, in which the talent and immediacy of perception can be felt, but these things, unfortunately, are spoiled by bad casting.” From 1929 to 1936 she took an active part in the Galatasaray exhibitions, and even presented her works in Paris. Many of Barry's works now belong to the Istanbul Museum of Art and Sculpture.
    It is known that Barry was married to the famous dentist Albert Barry, who was fond of photography. The story of this émigré sculptress saw the light thanks to these photographs by her husband, that were found by chance in antiquarian shops in Istanbul. Barry also had a daughter who, due to her illness, needed constant care. In exchange for this care, Barry bequeathed all her property to Balıklı Rum Hospital in Istanbul. The daughter outlived her by only 12 years. As for Barry herself, she became mentally ill in the last years of her life. Iraida is buried at the Orthodox Christian cemetery in Şişli, Istanbul.
    She is the author of Mirror Shards, her autobiographical texts written between 1951 and 1970 (now they are at the Bakhmeteff Archive of Russian and East European Culture in New York). In 2019, The Alexander Solzhenitsyn House of Russia Abroad in Moscow hosted the exhibition Iraida Barry (1899–1980) — Russian sculptor in Istanbul.

    Word Count: 365

  • Media:
    Iraida Barry (© Cengiz Kahraman Koleksiyonu, Istanbul).
    Iraida Barry’s studio at the Mısır Apartments (© Cengiz Kahraman Koleksiyonu, Istanbul).
    Iraida Barry’s studio at the Mısır Apartments (© Cengiz Kahraman Koleksiyonu, Istanbul).
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Akpamuk, Günce. “İraida Barry’nin İstanbul günleri.” Atlas Tarih, January–February, 2020, pp. 116–121.

    Anonymous. “Iraida Barry (1899–1980) – Russkiy Skul’ptor Stambula.” domrz.ru, https://www.domrz.ru/exhibition/iraida_barri_1899_1980_russkiy_skulptor_stambula_/. Accessed 18 August 2020.

    Dirican, Gül. “Uzak ve Yalnız İraida.” Gazete Pazar, 16 February 1997, p. 19.

    Kadıoğlu, Ayşe. “Exile, dignity and love: an Istanbul story.” t24.com.tr, https://t24.com.tr/k24/yazi/exile-dignity-and-love-an-istanbul-story,2682. Accessed 25 November 2020.

    Sığırcı, Marina. Spasibo, Konstantinopol’! Po sledam beloemigrantov v Turtsii. “Yevropeyskiy Dom”, 2018.

    Ted’. “K Vystavke Hudojnikov.” Presse du Soir, 29 June 1923, n.p.

    Word Count: 93

  • Archives and Sources:

    Cengiz Kahraman Koleksiyonu, Istanbul.

    Word Count: 4

  • Acknowledgements:

    I am very grateful to Cengiz Kahraman for his valuable help.

    Word Count: 11

  • Author:
    Ekaterina Aygün
  • Exile:

    Istanbul, Ottoman Empire / Turkey (1919–1980).

  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Mısır Apartmanı, Tomtom, Beyoğlu, Istanbul (residence and studio).

  • Metropolis:
    Istanbul
  • Ekaterina Aygün. "Iraida Barry." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2949/object/5138-10436677, last modified: 16-09-2021.
  • Roman Bilinski
    PainterSculptorCollectorArt restorer

    At the beginning of the 1920s, a member of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople, Roman Bilinski was known as a sculptor. At the end of the 1920s–beginning of the 1930s – as a sculptor, painter and connoisseur of local antiques.

    Word Count: 42

    Self-portrait by Roman Bilinski. Turkey, 1936 (Private Archive of Diana Bilinski).
    Painter Dimitri Ismailovitch with his bust created by Polish sculptor Roman Bilinski, Istanbul, Summer 1922. Source: Scrapbook “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from Russian Painters”, p. 8 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).Formal letter of thanks to Martha Stearns from the members of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople, 1922. One of the signatures is Roman Bilinski’s. Source: Scrapbook “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from Russian Painters”, p. 9 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).Bilinski's monument to the Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz in Polonezköy was demolished but its plaque has been preserved (Postcard from Polonezköy, 2021).Adampol (Polonezköy) by Roman Bilinski (Private Archive of Diana Bilinski).Adampol (Polonezköy) by Roman Bilinski. Turkey, 1935 (Private Archive of Diana Bilinski).Adampol (Polonezköy) by Roman Bilinski. Turkey, 1936 (Private Archive of Diana Bilinski).Adampol (Polonezköy) by Roman Bilinski. Turkey, 1936 (Private Archive of Diana Bilinski).Adampol (Polonezköy) by Roman Bilinski. Turkey, 1936 (Private Archive of Diana Bilinski).Adampol (Polonezköy) by Roman Bilinski. Turkey, 1936 (Private Archive of Diana Bilinski).Work by Roman Bilinski. Turkey, 1936 (Private Archive of Diana Bilinski).Work by Roman Bilinski. Yugoslavia, 1936 (Private Archive of Diana Bilinski).The cover of the book by Marco Farotto, Roman Bilinski - Un artista cosmopolita nel Ponente ligure. According to the author, Bilinski used to walk around dressed in this way.
    Istanbul
    Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople
    Association

    The Union existed for less than two years but in that short space of time a tremendous amount of work was done by its members, refugees from the Russian Empire.

    Word Count: 30

    Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople logo from 1922 membership card of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople (Private Archive of Dimitri Ismailovitch that belongs to Eduardo Mendes Cavalcanti).
    Members of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople, Summer 1922. Source: Scrapbook “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from Russian Painters”, p. 8 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).1922 membership card of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople (Private Archive of Dimitri Ismailovitch that belongs to Eduardo Mendes Cavalcanti).Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople logo painted by T. Sabaneeff, 1922. Source: Scrapbook “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from Russian Painters”, p. 1 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).One of the exhibitions of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople, Summer 1922. Source: Scrapbook “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from Russian Painters”, p. 10 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).Exhibition of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople at Taksim military barracks, Summer 1922. Source: Scrapbook “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from Russian Painters”, p. 6 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).
    Istanbul
    Dimitri Ismailovitch
    PainterArt Historian

    In Istanbul, Ismailovitch became one of the leaders of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople, organised three solo exhibitions, and made contribution to the study of Byzantine art.

    Word Count: 29

    Dimitri Ismailovitch with his bust created by Polish sculptor Roman Bilinski, Istanbul, Summer 1922. Source: Scrapbook “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from Russian Painters”, p. 8 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).
    Dimitri Ismailovitch, 1907, Sumy Cadet Corps (with permission from https://www.ria1914.info/).Dimitri Ismailovitch with his bust created by Polish sculptor Roman Bilinski, Istanbul, Summer 1922. Source: Scrapbook “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from Russian Painters”, p. 8 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).Reproduction of the Kariye Mosque’s mosaic. In the foreground is its author, Dimitri Ismailovitch (Russkiye na Bosfore. Les Russes sur le Bosphore Almanac, 1928, n.p.).Photographs of the artworks by Dimitri Ismailovitch, 1923. Source: Album “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from D. Ismailovitch”, XII–XI, p. 11 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).Photographs of the artworks by Dimitri Ismailovitch, 1924. Source: Album “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from D. Ismailovitch”, 9–10, p. 24 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).Photographs of the artworks by Dimitri Ismailovitch. Source: Album “To Mr. and Mrs. Stearns from D. Ismailovitch”, p. 36 (Stearns Family Papers. Archives & Special Collections. The College of the Holy Cross).Front cover of the 1948 Dimitri İsmailovitch exhibition catalogue (© Musée des Beaux-Arts, Bordeaux).Ekaterina Aygün chanced upon Dimitri Ismailovitch's visiting card at the Avni Lifij exhibition in Istanbul. This is further evidence of contact between Ismailovitch and Turkish painters (Photo: Ekaterina Aygün, 2019).The Piyale Pasha Mosque (was designed by Mimar Sinan and rebuilt in the mid. of the 19th century) was depicted by Dimitri İsmailovitch and Alexis Gritchenko in 1920 (Photo: Ekaterina Aygün, 2021).
    Istanbul