Kommercheskiy Klub, ККК, Константинопольский Коммерческий Клуб, Constantinople Commercial Club. In January 1926 was renamed and began to be called KK or Konstantinopol’skiy Klub (Константинопольский Клуб).
KKK was probably the most popular Russian club in Beyoğlu district between 1924 and 1926. Not only Russian émigrés but also local residents could enjoy its constantly updated entertainment programme.
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Istiklal Caddesi 322 (now presumably Istiklal Caddesi 130 – Elhamra Han), Beyoğlu, Istanbul.
Anonymous. “Nash Klub.” Zarubezhnyi Klich, April 1925, pp. 5–13.
Vecherniaia Gazeta, almost all issues of 1924–1926.
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Slavonic Library (Slovanská knihovna) in Prague.
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I would like to thank the representatives of the Slavonic Library (Slovanská knihovna) in Prague for helping me tremendously during my work at the library.
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Painter V.P.-Tch. is perhaps the most mysterious figure of all Russian-speaking émigré painters who lived in Constantinople in the 1920s. Until now, almost all sources indicated only his initials.
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As a professional scene-designer, Leonid Tomiloff was in high demand in Istanbul. For many years, he worked at the Theatre des Petits Champs and was the chief decorator of the Constantinople Commercial Club.
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In Istanbul, Ismailovitch became one of the leaders of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople, organised three solo exhibitions, and made contribution to the study of Byzantine art.
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Kalmykoff played an active part in the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople and at the same time worked as a stage designer. Later he acquired the Turkish citizenship.
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The artist is known for his numerous works with views of Istanbul, the design of the famous almanac’s cover, and the creation of decorative panels. Alas, his artistic activities were interrupted by his imprisonment.
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At the beginning of the 1920s, a member of the Union of Russian Painters in Constantinople, Roman Bilinski was known as a sculptor. At the end of the 1920s–beginning of the 1930s – as a sculptor, painter and connoisseur of local antiques.
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