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Park Hotel

  • Name:
    Park Hotel
  • Alternative names:

    Park Oteli

  • Kind of Organisation:
  • Introduction:

    Park Hotel in Ayazpaşa- Gümüşsuyu was frequented by newly-arrived emigrants. Rudolf Belling and Paul and Gertrud Hindemith stayed there before moving into more settled accommodation or leaving town.

    Word Count: 31

  • Content:

    Istanbul's luxury hotels, such as the Tokatliyan, the Pera Palace and the Park Hotel in Beyoğlu, served not only as meeting places but also provided newly-arrived emigrants with somewhere to stay for a few days or weeks. Park Hotel was located in Ayazpaşa- Gümüşsuyu, opposite the German consulate and close to Taksim Square. The Art Deco style hotel was opened in 1930 under the name Miramare and changed its name to Park Hotel a year later. It was widely known for its elegant beauty and panoramic views of the Bosporus, not to mention its famous bar-restaurant, where five-o’clock-teas and tango parties were held. It was frequented by politicians and intellectuals, among them Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Ismet Inönü, Celal Bayar and Yahya Kemal (İnal 2012, 191).
    Park Hotel was also extremely popular with newly-arrived immigrants. A photograph taken by Gertrud Hindemith shows the composer Paul Hindemith and the opera director Carl Ebert, both of whom were brought into the country by the Turkish Ministry of Education, sitting on one of the hotel balconies. The views of the Bosporus were particulalry appreciated. The author and director George Tabori, who stayed in Istanbul in the early 1940s, wrote about the beauty of the riverscape (Tabori 1945/1996, 239), and the sculptor Rudolf Belling wrote in 1937: “From my hotel window I look down to the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus on the left, the Golden Horn on the right. Vis à vis the Asian coast, Skütari, Haidarpasa, Kadiköi. Then a couple of wonderful islands and at the back a beautifully curved low mountain range. You can't imagine how different the city can look, which pastel tones are over houses and water.” (Belling 1937) For the new arrivals, the unique topography of Istanbul, situated on two continents and marking the boundary between Europe and Asia, provided a very special experience.
    The opening of modern luxury hotels like the Hilton (1955) and the Divan (1956) in close proximity to the Park Hotel brought about a change in its status in Istanbul and the economic crises of the 1970s led to its closure in 1979 and subsequent demolition (İnal 2012, 192). The site then remained occupied for many years by an unfinished building but, in 2013, the new Park Bosphorus Hotel finally opened its doors.

    Word Count: 373

  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Ayazpaşa (now Inönü Cad. No. 8), Gümüşsuyu, Beyoğlu, Istanbul.

  • Signature Image:
    Studio Jean Weinberg, Park Hotel terrace, postcard, undated [c. 1931] (,_Gümüşsuyu,_İstanbul_(14263772573).jpg).
  • Media:
    View of Park Hotel, Istanbul, date and photographer unknown (,_Gümüşsuyu,_İstanbul_(14220447736).jpg, detail).
    Gertrud Hindemith, Paul Hindemith on the balcony of Park Hotel in Gümüşsuyu, Istanbul, April/May 1935 (With kind permission of the Fondation Hindemith, Blonay, CH).
    Park Hotel letterhead, Istanbul, 1938 (Private Archive).
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Belling, Rudolf to Alexander Amersdorfer (Akademie der Künste, Historisches Archiv, Berlin, 23 January 1937), I/284, Bl. 37–39.

    Dogramaci, Burcu. Fotografieren und Forschen. Wissenschaftliche Expeditionen mit der Kamera im türkischen Exil nach 1933. Jonas, 2013.

    İnal, Onur. Pera’dan Beyoğlu’na. E Yayınları, 2012.

    Tabori, George. Das Opfer (1945). Steidl, 1996.

    Word Count: 46

  • Author:
    Burcu Dogramaci
  • Date of Founding:
  • Date of Disbandment:
  • Metropolis:
  • Entry in process:
  • Burcu Dogramaci. "Park Hotel." METROMOD Archive, 2021,, last modified: 12-04-2021.
  • Pera Palace Hotel

    The Pera Palace was the gem of Pera district where people gathered to wine and dine and be entertained, as well as to discuss the issues of the day.

    Word Count: 29

    Pera Palace Hotel, Tepebaşı (SALT Araştırma, Fotoğraf ve Kartpostal Arşivi, Istanbul).
    Pera Palace Hotel, Tepebaşı (SALT Araştırma, Fotoğraf ve Kartpostal Arşivi, Istanbul).Image of Pera Palace Hotel (Güneş Newspaper, 14 April 1991).Jazz-Band du Pera Palace by photographer Jean Weinberg (Les Russes sur le Bosphore Almanac, 1928).
    Rudolf Belling

    As a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts and Technical University in Istanbul from 1937 until 1966, Rudolf Belling taught his students the technicalities of form, material and proportion.

    Word Count: 28

    Rudolf Belling during an interview shortly after his arrival in Turkey, 1937. Yedigün, no. 212, vol. 9, March 1937, p. 8 (Archive Burcu Dogramaci).
    Rudolf Belling with a student in front of copies of antique sculptures, 1937. Yedigün, no. 212, vol. 9, March 1937, p. 9 (Archive Burcu Dogramaci).Rudolf Belling. “Heykeltraşlık.” Arkitekt, no. 12, 1936, p. 348 ([url] Here, Belling explains his future teaching programme at the Academy of Fine Arts. Below, his likewise newly-appointed colleague, the French artist and professor of painting Léopold Lévy, expresses himself.Rudolf Belling, Draft for the monument Atatürk hands over responsibility for the Republic to the youth, Istanbul University, 1938, model, second version, published in the journal Ar, no. 19, 1938, p. 8 (Archive Burcu Dogramaci).Studio exhibition class of Rudolf Belling at the Academy of Fine Arts, 1940, published in Güzel Sanatlar Dergisi, no. 4, 1942 (Archive Burcu Dogramaci).Studio exhibition class of Rudolf Belling at the Academy of Fine Arts, 1940: Hüseyin Özkan Anka, Athlet, before 1940, published in Güzel Sanatlar Dergisi, no. 4, 1942 (Archive Burcu Dogramaci).Rudolf Belling, Monument for Ismet Inönü, Courtyard of the Agricultural Faculty of the University of Ankara, 1943/44 (Photo: Burcu Dogramaci, 2004).Rudolf Belling with students at the Academy of Fine Arts, Istanbul, c. 1945, 1st from left: Hüseyin Gezer, photographer unknown (Rudolf-Belling-Archiv, Krailling).Rudolf Belling, Moulding for the Istanbul University, entrance to conference room of the Faculty of Natural Sciences, 1946, detail (Photo: Dogramaci, 2002).Rudolf Belling, Skulptur 49 (In Memoriam Dreiklang), 1949, bronze, Collection Elisabeth Weber-Belling, Krailling (Nerdinger 1981).Rudolf Belling, Segelmotiv, 1959/1962, Bank für Gemeinwirtschaft, Hamburg, Dornbusch/Rolandsbrücke (Photo: Burcu Dogramaci, 2020).Rudolf Belling, Blütenmotiv (called Schuttblume), 1967/1972, Olympiapark, Munich, (Photo: Burcu Dogramaci, 2019).