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Pompeyo Audivert

  • Given name:
    Pompeyo
  • Last name:
    Audivert
  • Date of Birth:
    17-10-1900
  • Place of Birth:
    Catalonia ()
  • Date of Death:
    14-01-1977
  • Place of Death:
    Buenos Aires (AR)
  • Profession:
    EngraverIllustrator
  • Introduction:

    Spanish-born Pompeyo Audivert migrated to Buenos Aires in 1911. He specialized in engraving, mastering its technique to the point of becoming a central figure in the local artistic field.

    Word Count: 28

  • Signature Image:
    Pompeyo Audivert, engraving printed in Lamarque, Nydia. "Vosotros, enemigos." Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 2, February 1936.
  • Content:

    Spanish-born Pompeyo Audivert migrated to Buenos Aires when he was eleven years old, in 1911. He specialised his artistic formation in engraving, mastering its technique to the point of becoming a central figure in the local artistic field. He also worked as an illustrator and one of his first important collaborations was his etching of the book Molino Rojo by Argentine poet Jacobo Fijman.
    He displayed his work in numerous exhibitions, both in Buenos Aires, in venues such as the Asociación Amigos del Arte, and in other major Argentine cities such as Rosario, La Plata and Mendoza. Furthermore, he was a frequent participant of the Salón Nacional, where he was awarded two prizes for his engravings (one in 1934 and the other in 1942). His career coincided with a period when the art of engraving was flourishing, with artists turning to the technique as a medium of protest and denouncement. The 1930s and 1940s were characterised by an increasing overlapping of the political and social context with the artistic sphere, and Audivert’s graphic explorations were no exception. Combined with an “orthodox bias of the discipline” (Dolinko 2014, 173), his oeuvre was shaped by solid figures, sharp lines and black and white compositions that privileged the depiction of social imaginaries and protest images. One critic defined him as “being in that difficult category of artists who produce storms” (Cuadrado 1944, 5).
    His closest network of fellow artists was made up of Spanish exiles Manuel Colmeiro and José Planas Casas and the Argentinian Demetrio Urruchúa, with whom he shared studios in the southern part of the city of Buenos Aires. Moreover, his activism involved him in the publication of covers for Unidad, a magazine edited by the antifascist Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores (AIAPE), along with the development of images of struggle against Nazism and fascism. One of his engravings entitled Unidad was included in the cover of the magazine’s first number.
    After a period spent living in Mexico (between 1942 and 1944) and Paris (between 1944 and 1950), he dedicated the latter part of his life to teaching at the Instituto Superior de Arte de la Universidad de Tucumán and exhibiting his work worldwide. He died in Buenos Aires in 1977.

    Word Count: 367

  • Media:
    Cuadrado, Arturo. “El grabador Pompeyo Audivert.” Correo Literario, 15 March 1944, p. 5.
    Pompeyo Audivert, Unidad, cover of Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936. CeDInCI, Buenos Aires.
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Dolinko, Silvia. “Uma lectura de la colección de grabados del Museo de Arte Moderno de Buenos Aires.” Museologia & Interdisciplinaridade, vol. I–II, no. 5, May–June 2014, pp. 171–184, doi: https://doi.org/10.26512/museologia.v3i5.15477. Accessed 18 April 2021.

    Dolinko, Silvia. “Consideraciones sobre la tradición del grabado en la Argentina.” Nuevo Mundo Mundos Nuevos, 5 July 2016. OpenEdition Journals, doi: https://doi.org/10.4000/nuevomundo.69472. Accessed 26 February 2021.

    Dolinko, Silvia. “Comentario sobre Ciudad.” Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, www.bellasartes.gob.ar/coleccion/obra/8398/. Accessed 26 February 2021.

    Word Count: 81

  • Archives and Sources:

    Cuadrado, Arturo. “El grabador Pompeyo Audivert.” Correo Literario, 15 March 1944, p. 5.

    Word Count: 10

  • Author:
    Milena Gallipoli
  • Exile:

    Buenos Aires, Argentina (1911–1944), Mexico (1944–1942), Paris, France (1944–1950), Buenos Aires (1950–1977)

  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Calle Bartolomé Mitre 2300, Buenos Aires (studio); Calle Belgrano near Av. Entre Ríos, Buenos Aires (studio), Calle Humberto Primo, Buenos Aires (studio).

  • Metropolis:
    Buenos Aires
  • Milena Gallipoli. "Pompeyo Audivert." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2950/object/5138-11020225, last modified: 12-05-2021.
  • Unidad
    Magazine

    From 1936, the anti-fascist movement in Argentina found one of its most consistent opinion platforms in the magazine Unidad, organ of the Association of Intellectuals, Artists, Journalists and Writers (AIAPE).

    Word Count: 29

    Luis Seoane, Fascimo, cover of Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 2, September 1937. CeDInCI, Buenos Aires.
    Pompeyo Audivert, Unidad, cover of Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936. CeDInCI, Buenos Aires.Clément Moreau, engraving printed in Lamarque, Nydia. "Mitin de Frente Unico en París." Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936.Clément Moreau, engraving printed in Lamarque, Nydia. "Mitin de Frente Unico en París." Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936.
    Buenos Aires
    Galería Pacifico’s murals
    MuralBuilding

    A key episode in Argentina’s muralism was the creation of an extensive muralist programme at the Galerías Pacífico in 1946, carried out by the Grupo Taller de Arte Mural.

    Word Count: 31

    Dome of the Galerías Pacífico, general view (Photo: Milena Gallipoli)
    Manuel Colmeiro, La Pareja Humana, 1946, mural. Galerías Pacífico, Buenos Aires (Photo: Laura Karp Lugo).Manuel Colmeiro, Verano, 1946, oil on plaster, 2,5 x 9 m. Museo del Libro y de la Lengua, Buenos Aires.
    Buenos Aires
    Ressorgiment
    Magazine

    One of the most important platforms of Catalan communication was Ressorgiment, a monthly magazine written in Catalan, whose publication spanned the years from 1916 to 1972 and constituted 677 numbers.

    Word Count: 27

    José Planas Casas, cover of Ressorgiment, no. 347, June 1945.
    Page with Catalan advertisement, Ressorgiment, no. 347, June 1945.
    Buenos Aires
    Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores (AIAPE)
    Association

    The Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores – AIAPE (Association of Intellectuals, Artists, Journalists and Writers) was a main association that helped migrants integrate into Buenos Aires’ cultural life.

    Word Count: 30

    Pompeyo Audivert, Unidad, cover of Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936. CeDInCI, Buenos Aires.
    Córdova Iturburu, Cayetano. "Primer Salón de la AIAPE." Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936, p. 13. CeDInCI, Buenos Aires.
    Buenos Aires
    Asociación Amigos del Arte
    Association

    Founded in 1924, the Asociación Amigos del Arte (Friends of the Arts Association) was a central organisation within the artistic milieu in Buenos Aires and became a relevant space of exhibition.

    Word Count: 31

    "Los amigos del arte." Aconcagua, vol. 4, no. 11, December 1930, p. 67.
    "En el Salón Asociación Amigos del Arte." Fray Mocho, no. 708, 17 November 1925.
    Buenos Aires