Archive

Start Over

Gyula Kosice

  • Given name:
    Gyula
  • Last name:
    Kosice
  • Date of Birth:
    26-04-1924
  • Place of Birth:
    Košice (SK)
  • Date of Death:
    25-05-2016
  • Place of Death:
    Buenos Aires (AR)
  • Profession:
    PoetSculptor
  • Introduction:

    Born in Kosice (Slovakia), the four-year-old future artist Gyula Kosice reached Buenos Aires by ship in 1928. He forged ties of friendship with Grete Stern, Horacio Coppola and other artists.

    Word Count: 29

  • Signature Image:
    Gyula Kosice in his workshop, Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires (© Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).
  • Content:

    Born into a Hungarian family in the Czechoslovak town of Kosice (now Slovakia), the four-year-old future artist reached Buenos Aires by ship in 1928. Although he grew up in Argentina, Kosice was already in his youth very much part of the artistic milieu of exiled artists in Buenos Aires. He forged ties of friendship with Grete Stern, Horacio Coppola, Clément Moreau and other artists. These relationships proved very beneficial for his artistic development, as he himself testifies in his autobiography:
    “First-hand knowledge [got from Grete Stern] of the work of masters such as Moholy Nagy, Josef Albers, Kandinsky in his Bauhaus period, and even architects and designers such as Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer had a special impact on me. The tendency towards abstraction that had prevailed in Bauhaus production was especially dear to my own ideas. I felt those masters who had worked in the stormy 1920s in Germany and who had scattered their creativity around the world after the Nazi closure of the School as part of my artistic lineage” (Kosice 2010, 39–40).
    A pioneer of new art forms, and identifying himself with the concrete art movement, he brought together a group of artists who would exhibit their work at several events. The first exhibition mounted by the group took place in October 1945 at the home of Dr. Enrique Pichon Rivière, in Avenida Santa Fe. Two months later, a second show was held at Grete Stern's house in Ramos Mejia. Renate Schottelius, who had belonged to Truppe 38, the theatre company founded by Clément Moreau, was also a member of the Kosice group, and was involved on both occasions, performing her choreographies.
    Today, Kosice’s house has become a museum open to the public. It regularly offers activities for both children and adults. Moreover, Casa-museo Kosice offers visitors the possibility to see inside one of the traditional houses of the Buenos Aires Almagro district.

    Word Count: 315

  • Media:
    Gyula Kosice and his work, Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires (© Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).
    Gyula Kosice, Pintura Madi A-3, 1946, 64 x 39 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires.
    Gyula Kosice, Pintura Madí - Círculo Celeste, 1946, varnish on canvas, 89 x 68 cm. Museo Kosice, Buenos Aires (Photo: Max Pérez Fallik, © Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).
    Gyula Kosice, Sobre Relieve, 1948, neon gas, 65 x 37,5 x 17 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (Photo: Max Pérez Fallik, © Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).
    Gyula Kosice, Homenaje a Moholy Nagy, 2009, moving water, neon gas, moving LED light, Plexiglas, Museo Kosice, Buenos Aires (Photo: Max Pérez Fallik, © Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).
    Gyula Kosice, Gota de Agua Móvil con LEDS, 2012, moving water, moving LED light, plexiglass, 71 x 52 x18 cm. Private collection (Photo: Max Pérez Fallik, © Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Gyula Kosice, edited by Camille Morineau, exh. cat. Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 2013.

    Gyula Kosice. 1924–2016, edited by Rodrigo Alonso, exh. cat. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, 2016.

    Kosice, Gyula, and Gabriel Perez-Barreiro. Gyula Kosice en conversación con Gabriel Perez Barreiro. Fundación Cisneros, 2012.

    Word Count: 44

  • Archives and Sources:

    Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires.

    Kosice, Gyula. Kosice. Autobiografía. Ed. Asunto Impreso, 2010.

    Word Count: 13

  • Acknowledgements:

    My deepest thanks to Max Pérez Fallik in Museo Kosice.

    Word Count: 11

  • Author:
    Laura Karp Lugo
  • Exile:

    Buenos Aires, Argentina (1928–2016).

  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Museo Kosice, Calle Humahuaca 4662, Buenos Aires (former workshop and now museum).

  • Metropolis:
    Buenos Aires
  • Laura Karp Lugo. "Gyula Kosice." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2950/object/5138-7554214, last modified: 12-05-2021.
  • Victoria Ocampo
    Writer

    Victoria Ocampo was one of the most influential intellectuals in Argentina. Her home became a key meeting place for exiles and locals and deeply impacted the artistic milieu.

    Word Count: 28

    "Nuestras damas intelectuales. Señora Victoria Ocampo." El Gran Mundo. Revista Social y de la Moda, year 1, no. 1, 30 April 1928.
    "La mujer y la constitución. Opina Victoria Ocampo." El Hogar, year LIV, no. 2478, 31 May, 1918, p. 18.
    Buenos Aires
    Grete Stern
    Photographer

    Grete Stern is one of the photographers that represent modern photography in Argentina. Her house in Ramos Mejía was a meeting place for local and foreign artists and intellectuals.

    Word Count: 30

    Grete Stern, Autorretrato, 1943, photograph, 21,9 x 30,5 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (© The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).
    Grete Stern, Photomontage for Madí, Ramos Mejía, Argentina, 1946–47, Gelatine silver print, 59.8 x 49.4 cm. (via Wikimedia Commons, © The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).Grete Stern, María Elena Walsh, 1947, photograph, 24,5 x 20,5 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (via Wikimedia Commons, © The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).
    Buenos Aires
    Arte Madí Photomontage
    Photomontage

    Conceived in 1947 as the logo of the Arte Madí group, this photomontage was devised by two masters of the Argentinian avant-garde, Gyula Kosice and Grete Stern.

    Word Count: 26

    Grete Stern, Photomontage for Madí, Ramos Mejía, Argentina, 1946–47, Gelatine silver print, 59.8 x 49.4 cm. (via Wikimedia Commons, © The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).
    Buenos Aires
    Clément Moreau
    Graphic Artist

    German-born Clément Moreau had to exile to Buenos Aires due to his political activism. There, he was well integrated into the artistic milieu and published his caricatures in many publications.

    Word Count: 31

    Photo of Clément Moreau, “Truppe 38” in Argentina, 1938 (© Schweizerisches Sozialarchiv).
    Clément Moreau, Logo in Das Andere Deutschland, no. 45, December 1941.Clément Moreau, engraving printed in Lamarque, Nydia. "Mitin de Frente Unico en París." Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936.Clément Moreau, engraving printed in Lamarque, Nydia. "Mitin de Frente Unico en París." Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936.Photo of Clément Moreau, “Truppe 38” in Ramos Mejía, Argentina, 1939 (© Schweizerisches Sozialarchiv).
    Buenos Aires
    Horacio Coppola
    FilmmakerPhotographer

    Born in Buenos Aires, Horacio Coppola is one of the photographers who represent modern photography in Argentina.

    Word Count: 17

    Horacio Coppola, "Nocturno. Calle Corrientes desde Reconquista hasta Plaza de la República (centro)", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).
    Horacio Coppola, "Bar Madrid sobre la Avenida de Mayo", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).Horacio Coppola, "Plaza de la República. Fiesta de la Bandera (Centro)", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936.Horacio Coppola, "Liquidación en una casa de trajes, Buenos Aires, esquina de Bartolomé Mitre y Maipú en 1936", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).Horacio Coppola, "La Avenida Corrientes, recientemente ensanchada sobre su lado sur. Vista desde la cuadra del 1200 hacia el oeste", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).
    Buenos Aires
    Truppe 38
    Theatre

    German exile networks were very strong in Buenos Aires. From this community, Clément Moreau, a German caricaturist and anti-fascist militant, created the theatre group Truppe 38.

    Word Count: 26

    Photo of Clément Moreau, “Truppe 38” in Ramos Mejía, Argentina, 1939 (© Schweizerisches Sozialarchiv).
    Photo of Clément Moreau, “Truppe 38” in Argentina, 1938 (© Schweizerisches Sozialarchiv).
    Buenos Aires