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Victoria Ocampo

  • Given name:
    Victoria
  • Last name:
    Ocampo
  • Alternative names:

    Ramona Victoria Epifanía Rufina Ocampo

  • Date of Birth:
    07-04-1890
  • Place of Birth:
    Buenos Aires (AR)
  • Date of Death:
    27-01-1979
  • Place of Death:
    Beccar (AR)
  • Profession:
    Writer
  • Introduction:

    Victoria Ocampo was one of the most influential intellectuals in Argentina. Her home became a key meeting place for exiles and locals and deeply impacted the artistic milieu.

    Word Count: 28

  • Signature Image:
    "Nuestras damas intelectuales. Señora Victoria Ocampo." El Gran Mundo. Revista Social y de la Moda, year 1, no. 1, 30 April 1928.
  • Content:

    Victoria Ocampo was one of the most influential intellectuals in the first half of the 20th century in Argentina. Her magazine Sur, her publishing house and her home, which were all meeting places for exiles and locals, were emblematic of the artistic and intellectual milieu of Buenos Aires.
    Growing up in a wealthy family, Victoria Ocampo received an extensive education. As a child, she became as comfortable speaking English and French as her native Spanish. She wrote mainly in French, then translated some of her texts into Spanish. These language skills allowed her to get in touch with both the local and the foreign intelligentsia. For several years, she travelled through Europe with her family. In Paris, she met French writers, artists, and intellectuals, whom she later received at Villa Ocampo, her home in San Isidro. When she admired someone's work, Ocampo would approach that person and include them in her circle. In 1936, together with the writers María Rosa Oliver and Susana Larguía, she founded and headed the Unión de Mujeres Argentinas (Argentine Women's Union), through which she firmly opposed the Proyecto de 1936 to reform the Civil Code, which reintroduced gender inequality.

    Word Count: 195

  • Media:
    "La mujer y la constitución. Opina Victoria Ocampo." El Hogar, year LIV, no. 2478, 31 May, 1918, p. 18.
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Arnés, Laura A. “Afectos y disidencia sexual en Sur: Victoria Ocampo, Gabriela Mistral y cia.” Badebec, vol. 6, no. 12, March 2017, pp. 154–167, https://revista.badebec.org/index.php/badebec/article/view/186. Accessed 16 April 2021.

    González, María Soledad. Victoria Ocampo: Escritura, poder y representaciones (Colección Historia & Cultura,12). Prohistoria, 2018.

    Podlubne, Judith. “Victoria Ocampo: la autobiografía como aventura espiritual.” Políticas de la Memoria, no. 17, 2016–2017, pp. 86–95, https://ri.conicet.gov.ar/bitstream/handle/11336/65601/CONICET_Digital_Nro.8e341883-ef74-4002-97f3-36f83008a4e3_A-86-95.pdf?sequence=5&isAllowed=y. Accessed 16 April 2021.

    Word Count: 94

  • Archives and Sources:

    Centro de Documentación Villa Ocampo, Beccar.

    Fundación Sur, Buenos Aires.

    Ocampo, Victoria. Autobiografía. Sur, 1980.

    Word Count: 17

  • Author:
    Laura Karp Lugo
  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Intersection of Calle San Martín and Calle Viamonte, Buenos Aires (residence); Calle Rufino de Elizalde 2831, Palermo chico, Buenos Aires (residence); Elortondo 1837, Beccar, Buenos Aires (residence).

  • Metropolis:
    Buenos Aires
  • Laura Karp Lugo. "Victoria Ocampo." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2950/object/5138-7554216, last modified: 12-05-2021.
  • Horacio Coppola
    FilmmakerPhotographer

    Born in Buenos Aires, Horacio Coppola is one of the photographers who represent modern photography in Argentina.

    Word Count: 17

    Horacio Coppola, "Nocturno. Calle Corrientes desde Reconquista hasta Plaza de la República (centro)", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).
    Horacio Coppola, "Bar Madrid sobre la Avenida de Mayo", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).Horacio Coppola, "Plaza de la República. Fiesta de la Bandera (Centro)", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936.Horacio Coppola, "Liquidación en una casa de trajes, Buenos Aires, esquina de Bartolomé Mitre y Maipú en 1936", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).Horacio Coppola, "La Avenida Corrientes, recientemente ensanchada sobre su lado sur. Vista desde la cuadra del 1200 hacia el oeste", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).
    Buenos Aires
    Grete Stern
    Photographer

    Grete Stern is one of the photographers that represent modern photography in Argentina. Her house in Ramos Mejía was a meeting place for local and foreign artists and intellectuals.

    Word Count: 30

    Grete Stern, Autorretrato, 1943, photograph, 21,9 x 30,5 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (© The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).
    Grete Stern, Photomontage for Madí, Ramos Mejía, Argentina, 1946–47, Gelatine silver print, 59.8 x 49.4 cm. (via Wikimedia Commons, © The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).Grete Stern, María Elena Walsh, 1947, photograph, 24,5 x 20,5 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (via Wikimedia Commons, © The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).
    Buenos Aires
    María Elena Walsh
    PoetSong-writerSinger

    María Elena Walsh was an Argentine singer-songwriter, musician, writer, composer and poet who left her mark on several generations of Argentines through songs such as Manuelita and La Reina Batata.

    Word Count: 31

    Argentine writer María Elena Walsh signing copies of her books at "El Ateneo" bookstore, 1962. Archivo General de la Nación, Buenos Aires (via Wikimedia Commons).
    Grete Stern, María Elena Walsh, 1947, photograph, 24,5 x 20,5 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (via Wikimedia Commons, © The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).
    Buenos Aires
    Sur
    Magazine

    In 1931, Victoria Ocampo founded Sur, a literary magazine and publishing house aligned with the anti-fascist cause, which was to become a major hub for intellectual exchanges in Buenos Aires.

    Word Count: 29

    Cover of Sur, no. 307, July–August 1967.
    Buenos Aires
    Victoria Ocampo’s House
    Building

    In a wealthy area of Buenos Aires stands the house where Victoria Ocampo lived. The building contributed to the adoption of modern architecture and reshaped the city.

    Word Count: 27

    Victoria Ocampo's house (Photo: Laura Karp Lugo)
    Buenos Aires
    Asociación Amigos del Arte
    Association

    Founded in 1924, the Asociación Amigos del Arte (Friends of the Arts Association) was a central organisation within the artistic milieu in Buenos Aires and became a relevant space of exhibition.

    Word Count: 31

    "Los amigos del arte." Aconcagua, vol. 4, no. 11, December 1930, p. 67.
    "En el Salón Asociación Amigos del Arte." Fray Mocho, no. 708, 17 November 1925.
    Buenos Aires