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Obelisco

  • Kind of Object:
    BuildingMonument
  • Name:
    Obelisco
  • Alternative Names:
    Obelisk
  • Creator (Person):
    Alberto Prebisch
  • Year Start:
    20-03-1936
  • Year End:
    23-05-1936
  • Material:

    Concrete

  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Plaza de la República, Avenida Corrientes 1051, San Nicolás, Buenos Aires

  • Language:
    Spanish
  • Size:

    67,5 mts. of height

  • City:
    Buenos Aires (AR)
  • Introduction:

    The Obelisk is undoubtedly the most well-known emblem of the city; it was built by architect Alberto Prebisch in 1936 for the 400th anniversary of the founding of Buenos Aires.

    Word Count: 29

  • Content:

    The architect Alberto Prebisch, born in Argentina to a German father, left an important imprint on the city. In addition to private homes, including the house of his brother Raul Prebisch, and the Ocampo building, located at Calle Chile 1368, he built the Obelisk which is undoubtedly the most well-known emblem of the city. Located at the intersection of Avenida Corrientes, Avenida 9 de Julio and Diagonal Norte, right in the middle of Plaza de la República, this tall four-sided monument is representative of Prebisch’s rational, purist and functional aesthetic.
    The commission from the Argentinian government arose in the context of the festivities for the 400th anniversary of the founding of Buenos Aires. The construction of the obelisk was part of a series of refurbishments carried out on Buenos Aires’s public thoroughfares –including the widening of Avenida Corrientes, the opening of Diagonal Norte, the opening of the Avenida Norte-Sud (today 9 de Julio) and the implementation of two new urban metro lines– and is located at their geographic centre.
    Avenida Corrientes went from being a regular street to a wide avenue, mainly to accommodate traffic but also so that the city government could restructure the city centre and its surrounding neighbourhoods. Once reconstructed and widened, however, this axis was immediately appropriated by the people who passed through it, turning Corrientes into a unique hub in the city. To this day, it is a place of both passage and destination, at all times of the day and night. In the downtown area, the bookstores and cafés on the avenue remain open all night.

    Word Count: 263

  • Media:
    Horacio Coppola, "Plaza de la República. Fiesta de la Bandera (Centro)", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936.
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Fara, Catalina. Un horizonte vertical. Paisaje urbano de Buenos Aires (1910–1936). Ampersand, 2020.

    Tell, Verónica. “Portraits of places: Notes on Horacio Coppola’s Photography and Short Urban Films.” Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies, vol. 24, no. 2, 2015, pp. 153–171. Taylor & Francis Online, doi: 10.1080/13569325.2015.1040743. Accessed 21 April 2021.

    Word Count: 43

  • Author:
    Laura Karp Lugo
  • Depicted objects:
    Obelisk
  • Metropolis:
    Buenos Aires
  • Entry in process:
    no
  • Laura Karp Lugo. "Obelisco." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2950/object/5140-11020687, last modified: 12-05-2021.
  • Arte Madí Photomontage
    Photomontage

    Conceived in 1947 as the logo of the Arte Madí group, this photomontage was devised by two masters of the Argentinian avant-garde, Gyula Kosice and Grete Stern.

    Word Count: 26

    Grete Stern, Photomontage for Madí, Ramos Mejía, Argentina, 1946–47, Gelatine silver print, 59.8 x 49.4 cm. (via Wikimedia Commons, © The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).
    Buenos Aires
    Buenos Aires 1936. Visión fotográfica
    Photobook

    For the commemoration of the 400th anniversary of the foundation of Buenos Aires, photographer Horacio Coppola was commissioned by its municipality to portray the city.

    Word Count: 25

    Horacio Coppola, Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936.
    Horacio Coppola, "La Avenida Corrientes, recientemente ensanchada sobre su lado sur. Vista desde la cuadra del 1200 hacia el oeste", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).Horacio Coppola, "Nocturno. Calle Corrientes desde Reconquista hasta Plaza de la República (centro)", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).Horacio Coppola, "Plaza de la República. Fiesta de la Bandera (Centro)", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936.Horacio Coppola, "Bar Madrid sobre la Avenida de Mayo", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).Horacio Coppola, "Liquidación en una casa de trajes, Buenos Aires, esquina de Bartolomé Mitre y Maipú en 1936", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).
    Buenos Aires