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Ressorgiment

  • Kind of Object:
    Magazine
  • Name:
    Ressorgiment
  • Alternative Names:
    Resurgiment
  • Creator (Person):
    Hipòlit Nadal i Mallol
  • Year Start:
    1916
  • Year End:
    1972
  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Pergamino 244, Buenos Aires (editorial office).

  • Language:
    Catalan
  • Size:

    32 cm

  • City:
    Buenos Aires (AR)
  • Introduction:

    One of the most important platforms of Catalan communication was Ressorgiment, a monthly magazine written in Catalan, whose publication spanned the years from 1916 to 1972 and constituted 677 numbers.

    Word Count: 27

  • Content:

    Within the diverse and complex panorama of Spanish inmigration in Argentina during the first decades of the 20th century, Catalan migrants played a major role in the creation of their own associations and networks in Buenos Aires through the fostering of a Catalan national and separatist identity. One of the most important platforms of Catalan communication was Ressorgiment, a monthly magazine written in Catalan, whose publication spanned the years from 1916 to 1972 and constituted 677 numbers.
    Ressorgiment –or Resurgiment, as it was titled until its twentieth number–  was founded and directed by Catalan exile Hipòlit Nadal i Mallol, alongside Pius Àrias, Manuel Cairol and Francesc Colomer. A prominent feature of the publication was the continuity of its format: each issue had between 15 and 20 pages, with an on-running pagination from issue to issue that reached 10 860, and every year it published a cover by a renowned Catalan artist, such as Pompeyo Audivert or José Planas Casas. These images often depicted allegories of inmigration and exile as well as representations of Catalonia’s historical struggles to preserve its identity. For example, in 1945 the cover by Planas Casas featured an allegorical winged figure holding a sickle and Catalonia’s flag confronting a dragon that probably alludes to the creature that tormented the city of Montblanc (represented in the background) that was rescued by Saint Jordi, patron of the city of Barcelona.
    The main aim of the magazine was the promotion of the Catalan language and the study of the history of Catalonia from a strong political standpoint that defended and reaffirmed the independence of the nation from Spain. Such an ideology triggered an identitary cohesion that constantly sought to differentiate itself through active participation in political and cultural debates. Ressorgiment not only maintained a constant connection with the Catalan homeland but also cultivated and strengthened local networks of Catalan exiles in Argentina. Many articles in the magazine's pages provided information on cultural events and current affairs in Catalan associations, such as the Casal Catalá (founded in 1908). On the contrary, other editorials adopted critical positions towards institutions such as Montepío of Montserrat or the Centre Catalá for their use of Spanish or the celebration of Columbus Day or the “day of the race”. Promoting such a festivity insinuated friendly relations with other Spanish patriotic associations, and this was perceived as a humiliating act for Catalonia (Fernández 2019, 164). Local Catalan traders and entrepreneurs were the major source of funding since, by advertising their services and products in Catalan, they appealed to the target Catalan audience.
    Overall, the magazine endeavoured to unite Catalan exiles through a strong sense of a separatist nationalism and the reinforcement of local and international networks.

    Word Count: 443

  • Signature Image:
    José Planas Casas, cover of Ressorgiment, no. 347, June 1945.
  • Media:
    Page with Catalan advertisement, Ressorgiment, no. 347, June 1945.
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Fernández, Alejandro. “La revista Ressorgiment y la colectividad catalana de Buenos Aires (1916–1946).” Revista Internacional de Historia de la Comunicación, no. 12, 2019, pp. 155–177, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12795/RiHC.2019.i12.08. Accessed 24 March 2021.

    Lucci, Marcela. “La revista ‘Ressorgiment’ en la historia catalana: un proyecto editorial para la difusión del catalanismo político. Buenos Aires: 1916–1936.” Estudios de Historia de España, XVI, 2014, pp. 255–279, https://erevistas.uca.edu.ar/index.php/EHE/article/view/11/0. Accessed 21 April 2021.

    Word Count: 74

  • Archives and Sources:

    Biblioteca de Catalunya, Barcelona.

    Word Count: 4

  • Author:
    Milena Gallipoli
  • Metropolis:
    Buenos Aires
  • Entry in process:
    no
  • Milena Gallipoli. "Ressorgiment." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2950/object/5140-11258755, last modified: 12-05-2021.
  • Pompeyo Audivert
    EngraverIllustrator

    Spanish-born Pompeyo Audivert migrated to Buenos Aires in 1911. He specialized in engraving, mastering its technique to the point of becoming a central figure in the local artistic field.

    Word Count: 28

    Pompeyo Audivert, engraving printed in Lamarque, Nydia. "Vosotros, enemigos." Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 2, February 1936.
    Cuadrado, Arturo. “El grabador Pompeyo Audivert.” Correo Literario, 15 March 1944, p. 5.Pompeyo Audivert, Unidad, cover of Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936. CeDInCI, Buenos Aires.
    Buenos Aires