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Sur

  • Kind of Object:
    Magazine
  • Name:
    Sur
  • Alternative Names:
    South
  • Creator (Person):
    Victoria Ocampo
  • Year Start:
    01-1931
  • Material:

    Printed magazine

  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Calle Rufino de Elizalde 2831, Palermo chico, Buenos Aires (editorial office).

  • Language:
    Spanish
  • Size:

    23,5 cm.

  • City:
    Buenos Aires (AR)
  • Introduction:

    In 1931, Victoria Ocampo founded Sur, a literary magazine and publishing house aligned with the anti-fascist cause, which was to become a major hub for intellectual exchanges in Buenos Aires.

    Word Count: 29

  • Content:

    In 1931, Victoria Ocampo founded Sur, a literary magazine and publishing house aligned with the anti-fascist cause, which —for almost two decades— was to be a major hub for intellectual exchanges in Buenos Aires.
    The close ties that Victoria Ocampo had with José Ortega y Gasset, a Spanish philosopher and writer, were decisive for the magazine's identity. Ortega y Gasset had first travelled to Argentina in 1916 to give a series of lectures. Very soon after his arrival, he met Ocampo, with whom he would maintain a lasting friendship. When Ocampo told Ortega y Gasset about her publication project, he was in Spain running the journal Revista de Occidente, which he had founded in 1923. The idea for the name for Ocampo's magazine arose out of their close friendship and the spirit of creative collaboration: "It was chosen over the phone, across the Ocean. It seems that the whole Atlantic was needed for this baptism [...]." (Ocampo 1931, 14).
    Sur was published approximately every three months from January 1931 to July 1934. Monthly issues followed from July 1935 to January 1951. From then until 1970, the magazine was published every two months. In the last period, until 1980, special issues were published without any real regularity. Sur brought together a local and foreign intellectual elite that undoubtedly contributed to the dissemination of literary culture in Argentina.

    Word Count: 214

  • Signature Image:
    Cover of Sur, no. 307, July–August 1967.
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Arnés, Laura A. “Afectos y disidencia sexual en Sur: Victoria Ocampo, Gabriela Mistral y cia.” Badebec, vol. 6, no. 12, March 2017, pp. 154–167, https://revista.badebec.org/index.php/badebec/article/view/186. Accessed 16 April 2021.

    Gramuglio, María Teresa. “Posiciones de Sur en el espacio literario. Una política de la cultura.” Historia crítica de la literatura argentina, vol. 9: El oficio que se afirma, directed by  Sylvia Saítta, Emecé, 2004, pp. 93–122.

    Gramuglio, María Teresa. “Sur, una minoría cosmopolita en la periferia occidental.” Historia de los intelectuales en América Latina II. Los avatares de la “ciudad letrada” en el siglo XX, edited by Carlos Altamirano, Katz, 2010, pp. 192–210.

    King, John. Sur: estudio de la revista argentina y de su papel en el desarrollo de una cultura 1931–1970. Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1989.

    Pasternac, Nora. Sur, una revista en la tormenta: los años de formación. Paradiso, 2002.

    Word Count: 145

  • Archives and Sources:

    Centro de Documentación Villa Ocampo, Beccar.

    Fundación Sur, Buenos Aires.

    Ocampo, Victoria. "Carta a Waldo Frank." Sur, year 1, no. 1, January 1931, pp. 7–18. Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes, www.cervantesvirtual.com/nd/ark:/59851/bmcf20x2. Accessed 15 April 2021.

    Ocampo, Victoria. “Vida de la revista 'Sur'. Treinta y cinco años de una labor.” Revista de Occidente, no. 47, 1967, pp. 129–150.

    Word Count: 57

  • Author:
    Laura Karp Lugo
  • Metropolis:
    Buenos Aires
  • Entry in process:
    no
  • Laura Karp Lugo. "Sur." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2950/object/5140-9031970, last modified: 12-05-2021.
  • Victoria Ocampo
    Writer

    Victoria Ocampo was one of the most influential intellectuals in Argentina. Her home became a key meeting place for exiles and locals and deeply impacted the artistic milieu.

    Word Count: 28

    "Nuestras damas intelectuales. Señora Victoria Ocampo." El Gran Mundo. Revista Social y de la Moda, year 1, no. 1, 30 April 1928.
    "La mujer y la constitución. Opina Victoria Ocampo." El Hogar, year LIV, no. 2478, 31 May, 1918, p. 18.
    Buenos Aires
    Horacio Coppola
    FilmmakerPhotographer

    Born in Buenos Aires, Horacio Coppola is one of the photographers who represent modern photography in Argentina.

    Word Count: 17

    Horacio Coppola, "Nocturno. Calle Corrientes desde Reconquista hasta Plaza de la República (centro)", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).
    Horacio Coppola, "Bar Madrid sobre la Avenida de Mayo", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).Horacio Coppola, "Plaza de la República. Fiesta de la Bandera (Centro)", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936.Horacio Coppola, "Liquidación en una casa de trajes, Buenos Aires, esquina de Bartolomé Mitre y Maipú en 1936", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).Horacio Coppola, "La Avenida Corrientes, recientemente ensanchada sobre su lado sur. Vista desde la cuadra del 1200 hacia el oeste", in Buenos Aires 1936: Cuarto centenario de su fundación. Visión fotográfica. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 1936 (via Wikimedia Commons).
    Buenos Aires
    Grete Stern
    Photographer

    Grete Stern is one of the photographers that represent modern photography in Argentina. Her house in Ramos Mejía was a meeting place for local and foreign artists and intellectuals.

    Word Count: 30

    Grete Stern, Autorretrato, 1943, photograph, 21,9 x 30,5 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (© The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).
    Grete Stern, Photomontage for Madí, Ramos Mejía, Argentina, 1946–47, Gelatine silver print, 59.8 x 49.4 cm. (via Wikimedia Commons, © The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).Grete Stern, María Elena Walsh, 1947, photograph, 24,5 x 20,5 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (via Wikimedia Commons, © The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).
    Buenos Aires
    María Elena Walsh
    PoetSong-writerSinger

    María Elena Walsh was an Argentine singer-songwriter, musician, writer, composer and poet who left her mark on several generations of Argentines through songs such as Manuelita and La Reina Batata.

    Word Count: 31

    Argentine writer María Elena Walsh signing copies of her books at "El Ateneo" bookstore, 1962. Archivo General de la Nación, Buenos Aires (via Wikimedia Commons).
    Grete Stern, María Elena Walsh, 1947, photograph, 24,5 x 20,5 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (via Wikimedia Commons, © The Estate of Horacio Coppola/Galería Jorge Mara • La Ruche, Buenos Aires).
    Buenos Aires
    Victoria Ocampo’s House
    Building

    In a wealthy area of Buenos Aires stands the house where Victoria Ocampo lived. The building contributed to the adoption of modern architecture and reshaped the city.

    Word Count: 27

    Victoria Ocampo's house (Photo: Laura Karp Lugo)
    Buenos Aires