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Truppe 38

  • Name:
    Truppe 38
  • Alternative names:

    Compañía 38

  • Kind of Organisation:
    Theatre
  • Introduction:

    German exile networks were very strong in Buenos Aires. From this community, Clément Moreau, a German caricaturist and anti-fascist militant, created the theatre group Truppe 38.

    Word Count: 26

  • Content:

    German exile networks were very strong in Buenos Aires. There were German-language newspapers, associations, schools and hospitals. From this community of German exiles, Clément Moreau, a German caricaturist and anti-fascist militant, created Truppe 38.
    It was in 1938 that Moreau, together with other members of Das Andere Deutschland, founded Truppe 38, a theatre group with a strong satirical slant. Following the trend of many other cultural groups close to the German labour movement during the Weimar Republic, Truppe 38 produced art marked by activism and propaganda, with a strong political character. Thus, through theatre (mainly pieces by Kurt Tucholsky and Bertolt Brecht), music and dance, Truppe 38 tried to reach as large and varied an audience as possible, although an anti-fascist German-speaking one, conveying their political position while denouncing contemporary social problems. Brought together by Clément Moreau, its cast was made up of German immigrants: actors, dancers and musicians, such as the pianist Walter E. Rosenberg, the singer Hellmuth Jacoby, and the dancer Renate Schottelius. The troupe's first performance took place at the Vorwärts Association, and was promoted by the German-language daily newspaper Argentinisches Tageblatt. The money they collected was allocated to subsidise activities carried out by the anti-fascist organisation Das Andere Deutschland.

    Word Count: 201

  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Vorwärts Association, Rincón 1141, Buenos Aires (performing venue).

  • Signature Image:
    Photo of Clément Moreau, “Truppe 38” in Ramos Mejía, Argentina, 1939 (© Schweizerisches Sozialarchiv).
  • Media:
    Photo of Clément Moreau, “Truppe 38” in Argentina, 1938 (© Schweizerisches Sozialarchiv).
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Bauer, Alfredo. La Asociación Vorwärts y la lucha democrática en la Argentina. Biblioteca Nacional, 2008.

    Friedmann, Germán C. “La cultura en el exilio alemán antinazi. El Freie Deutsche Bühne de Buenos Aires, 1940–1948.” Anuario IEHS, vol. 24, 2009, pp. 69–87, http://anuarioiehs.unicen.edu.ar/2009.html. Accessed 4 March 2021.

    Friedmann, Germán C. Alemanes antinazis en la Argentina (historia y cultura). Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 2010.

    Word Count: 64

  • Author:
    Laura Karp Lugo
  • Date of Founding:
    1938
  • Participants (selection):

    Clément Moreau, Walter E. Rosenberg, Hellmuth Jacoby, Ernesto Epstein, Wolfgang Vacano, Herrmann Ehrenhaus, Otto Werberg, Renate Schottelius.

  • Metropolis:
    Buenos Aires
  • Entry in process:
    no
  • Laura Karp Lugo. "Truppe 38." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2950/object/5145-11020553, last modified: 23-07-2021.
  • Gyula Kosice
    SculptorPoet

    Born in Kosice (Slovakia), the four-year-old future artist Gyula Kosice reached Buenos Aires by ship in 1928. He forged ties of friendship with Grete Stern, Horacio Coppola and other artists.

    Word Count: 29

    Gyula Kosice in his workshop, Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires (© Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).
    Gyula Kosice and his work, Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires (© Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).Gyula Kosice, Pintura Madi A-3, 1946, 64 x 39 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires.Gyula Kosice, Pintura Madí - Círculo Celeste, 1946, varnish on canvas, 89 x 68 cm. Museo Kosice, Buenos Aires (Photo: Max Pérez Fallik, © Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).Gyula Kosice, Sobre Relieve, 1948, neon gas, 65 x 37,5 x 17 cm. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (Photo: Max Pérez Fallik, © Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).Gyula Kosice, Homenaje a Moholy Nagy, 2009, moving water, neon gas, moving LED light, Plexiglas, Museo Kosice, Buenos Aires (Photo: Max Pérez Fallik, © Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).Gyula Kosice, Gota de Agua Móvil con LEDS, 2012, moving water, moving LED light, plexiglass, 71 x 52 x18 cm. Private collection (Photo: Max Pérez Fallik, © Fundación Kosice, Buenos Aires).
    Buenos Aires
    Clément Moreau
    Graphic Artist

    German-born Clément Moreau had to exile to Buenos Aires due to his political activism. There, he was well integrated into the artistic milieu and published his caricatures in many publications.

    Word Count: 31

    Photo of Clément Moreau, “Truppe 38” in Argentina, 1938 (© Schweizerisches Sozialarchiv).
    Clément Moreau, Logo in Das Andere Deutschland, no. 45, December 1941.Clément Moreau, engraving printed in Lamarque, Nydia. "Mitin de Frente Unico en París." Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936.Clément Moreau, engraving printed in Lamarque, Nydia. "Mitin de Frente Unico en París." Unidad por la Defensa de la Cultura, no. 1, January 1936.Photo of Clément Moreau, “Truppe 38” in Ramos Mejía, Argentina, 1939 (© Schweizerisches Sozialarchiv).
    Buenos Aires
    Das Andere Deutschland
    Association

    Das Andere Deutschland was founded by German exiles. Opposed to the Nazi regime, it sought to represent ‘the other’ Germany, a tolerant, peaceful and humanist one.

    Word Count: 26

    Clément Moreau, Logo in Das Andere Deutschland, no. 45, December 1941.
    La Otra Alemania, fragment of Spanish cover Das Andere Deutschland, no. 45, December 1941.
    Buenos Aires