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Vasily Zasipkin

  • Given name:
    Vasily
  • Last name:
    Zasipkin
  • Alternative names:

    Василий Андрианович Засыпкин

  • Date of Birth:
    25-12-1886
  • Place of Birth:
    Ufa (RU)
  • Date of Death:
    14-03-1941
  • Place of Death:
    Singapore (SG)
  • Profession:
    ArtistDesigner
  • Introduction:

    Vasily Zasipkin was a prolific artist and and influential teacher, much loved in the diaspora. Having lost his studio and all his work in wartime Shanghai, he started over in Singapore.

    Word Count: 31

  • Signature Image:
    Vladimir Tretchikoff, Portrait of Zasipkin, Projector, 5 May 1934. Vladimir Tretchikoff was a student of Zasipkin.
  • Content:

    Vasily Zasipkin graduated from the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. In 1917 he was drafted into the army and sent to Vladivostok, where he designed stage sets for the military theatre, the cabaret Bi Ba Bo and other venues. From there, he moved to Harbin and opened an art studio on Kitaiskaya Street. In 1920, he received an official commission from the Japanese government to paint a series of landscapes of Kamchatka and Manchuria. He organised an art studio, which had 52 students by the time of his departure from Harbin.

    In 1929, the artist moved to Shanghai and opened V. A. Zasipkin's Art Studio. In 1934, he moved the studio to Joffre Arcade in the French Concession, where many Russian stores and offices were located. Zasipkin thrived as a portrait artist: he created dozens of portraits of Shanghai's foreign elite, diplomats and municipal administrators. His oils and pastels were frequently seen at local exhibitions, although some newspaper critics condemned his works as "old stereotyped canvases," showing "meticulous study and sound technique," but "lacking virility and imagination" and infused with a "commercial, almost illustrative atmosphere."

    Zasipkin was an active member of the Ponedelink society, and his studies and illustrations were used in the inaugural issue of the eponymous magazine. Among the Russians, he was considered one of the best professionals, alongside Mikhail Kichigin and Victor Podgoursky. Both Vladimir Tretchikoff and Alexander Yaron were his students. Working alongside his Russian colleagues, Zasipkin contibuted twelve paintings of the Apostles under the dome of St. Nicholas Church, on Rue Corneille.

    In Zasipkin’s opinion, “the art of painting, as a science, not a pleasant diversion, is based on the same mathematics of knowledge as architecture, sculpture, music, etc.” His attention to detail and love of precision allowed him to get commissions in the architectural realm. Among his Shanghai works he counted the interior design of the Grand Theatre and Park Hotel, as well as a number of interiors for private homes and public buildings. He did architectural drawings of the buildings designed by L. E. Hudec, Shanghai’s preeminent architect. He also worked on advertising campaigns and designed stage sets for the productions of the Russian Light Opera, such as Lysistrata and the Dream of Wei Lien, staged at the Lyceum Theatre.

    Zasipkin’s sojourn in Shanghai was cut short by the Sino-Japanese War. As soon as he transferred his studio from the French Concession to the port area of Wayside, the Japanese air raids on the Chinese municipality, in August 1937, destroyed the studio and most of the artist’s work. In October that year, Zasipkin relocated to Singapore, where he opened the Apollo School of Art, at Amber Mansions on Orchard Road. He started offering classes in painting, modelling, drawing and sculpture for beginners and advanced students.

    Zasipkin’s arrival in Singapore filled the cultural gap felt at the time by the foreign community. In November 1937, he helped revive the long-obsolete Art Club, and it began to conduct meetings on Wednesdays, with life drawing sessions and lectures from visiting artists. Equally popular were the weekly "Zasipkin’s Russian Parties," with abundant pelmeni (meat dumplings), borscht and vodka. The artist's most important project in Singapore was the interior design of the Cathay Cinema café and roof garden, which opened in December 1939, after two years of construction. Zasipkin's design was praised for its simplicity and artistry. Around 1938, he, reportedly, received a commission for a cinema complex in Malacca.

    Zasipkin died of heart failure, at the age of 55, while teaching a class. He was buried at the Bidadari Cemetery. Zasipkin's Art Studio was taken over by his colleague Vadim Shilonosoff, also from Shanghai; the meetings of the Art Club also continued.

    Word Count: 613

  • Media:
    Vasily Zasipkin, Study, Ponedelnik (Monday), around 1930.
    Advertisement for V. A. Zasipkin’s Art Studio at 542 Avenue Joffre, Parus, 1937.
    Vasily Zasipkin, interior design for Cathay Café, drawing, Singapore, The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, 8 December 1939.
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Gorelik, Boris. Incredible Tretchikoff: Life of an artist and adventurer. Tafelberg, 2013.
    Khisamutdinov, Amir. Russian literary journals in China. Vladivostok, 2016
    Zasipkin, Vasily. “V. A. Zasipkin.” Parus, no. 8–9, Shanghai, 1932.

    Word Count: 27

  • Author:
    Katya Knyazeva
  • Exile:

    Harbin, China (1921–1929); Shanghai, China (1929–1938); Singapore (1938–1941)

  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Joffre Arcade, 542 Avenue Joffre, French Concession (now Huaihai Lu, Xuhui Qu) (residence and studio) Shanghai

  • Metropolis:
    Shanghai
  • Katya Knyazeva. "Vasily Zasipkin." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2952/object/5138-11320446, last modified: 08-05-2021.
  • Ivan Kounin
    JournalistPublisher

    A self-driven journalist and a self-funded publisher, Ivan Kounin created several illustrated albums focused on the life of Shanghai’s international community, which highlighted the work of Russian artists.

    Word Count: 29

    Kounin, Ivan and Alexander Yaron, editors. Diamond Jubilee of the International Settlement of Shanghai. Post mercury Co. fed. Inc. U.S.A.,1940. Ivan Kounin in the office of Adcraft Studios, photography, Diamond Jubilee of the International Settlement of Shanghai, 1940.
    Kounin, Ivan and Alexander Yaron, editors. Diamond Jubilee of the International Settlement of Shanghai. Post mercury Co. fed. Inc. U.S.A.,1940. The staff of Adcraft Studios, photography, Diamond Jubilee of the International Settlement of Shanghai, 1940.Ivan Kounin, cover print, F. Chaliapine, 1936 (© Amir Khisamutdinov).Kounin, Ivan and Alexander Yaron, editors. Diamond Jubilee of the International Settlement of Shanghai. Post mercury Co. fed. Inc. U.S.A.,1940. Advertisement for Adcraft Studios, Diamond Jubilee of the International Settlement of Shanghai, 1940.
    Shanghai
    Alexander A. Yaron
    DesignerJournalistArtistPhotographer

    An autodidact and a versatile commercial artist, Alexander Yaron applied his talent in portraiture, photography, interior design, advertising, layout and illustration. His best known projects were illustrated art magazines and books produced as part of Adcraft Studios, in tandem with Ivan Kounin.

    Word Count: 42

    Kounin, Ivan, and Alexander Yaron, editors. The Diamond Jubilee of the International Settlement of Shanghai. Shanghai, 1940. Portrait of Alexander A. Yaron, photography.
    Alexander Yaron, Along the ancient channel, print, Ponedelnik (Monday),1933 (© Amir Khisamutdinov).Alexander Yaron, portraits, drawings, Highlights of Art, 1938 (© Natalia Kounin).Alexander Yaron, poster for the Russian Ballet, 1936 (© Amir Khisamutdinov).Kounin, Ivan and Alexander Yaron, editors. Diamond Jubilee of the International Settlement of Shanghai. Post mercury Co. fed. Inc. U.S.A.,1940. The double page shows the covers of Adcraft Studios’ magazines, including Highlights of Art, and others.Yaron Studios, advertisement for Central Air Transport Corporation, China Weekly Review, 20 September 1947.
    Shanghai
    Ponedelnik
    Association

    Ponedelink was the most influential and the longest-running art society in Shanghai. Committed to promoting awareness of Russian culture and to developing its members' taste and erudition, it published the finest art magazine of the diaspora.

    Word Count: 36

    A meeting of the Ponedelnik society, photography, January 1931 (© Amir Khisamutdinov). Vera Kuznetzova, Mikhail Kichigin and Vasily Zasipkin are sitting around the table.
    Cover of Ponedelnik (Monday)(© Amir Khisamutdinov).Severny, Pavel. Lady, Shanghai 1938. Alexander Yaron, cover design, Lady, 1938 (© Mikhail Drozdov). Pavel Severny and Alexander Yaron were collaborators at the Ponedelnik Society in Shanghai.La Renaissance restaurant at 795 Avenue Joffre, photography, Modern Miscellany (Shidai), no. 12, 1932.A. T. Hull, Jr., HLAM-organised beauty pageant Miss Shanghai in the Arcadia Cabaret at 291 Route Courbet, photography,1940 (© Time Inc.). Alexander Vertinsky is in the centre, Eduard Eliroff (with a ribbon) is on the right.
    Shanghai
    Lyceum Theatre
    Building

    The new Lyceum Theatre was designed in an eclectic style by British architects Davies & Brooke and opened on 5 February 1931.

    Word Count: 20

    Lyceum Theatre, facade, photography (© Eduard Kögel 2004). The Lyceum Theatre was designed by the British architects Davies & Brooke in 1931.
    Lyceum Theatre, foyer, photography (© Eduard Kögel 2004).Horst zum Eschenhoff, Stage design for the play Arm wie eine Kirchenmaus, photography, Bühnenspiegel im Fernen Osten, 30 October 1929.Advertisement for the play Parkstr. 13,Bühnenspiegel im Fernen Osten, 22 March 1939. The stage design was made by Richard Paulick.Richard Paulick, Stage design for the British Amateur Dramatic Club around the late 1940s, photography (© Architekturmuseum der TU Munich, Estate Richard Paulick).
    Shanghai
    Mikhail Kichigin
    ArtistDesignerTeacher

    Mikhail Kichigin was Shanghai’s preeminent émigré artist in the 1930s and 1940s. He travelled extensively around China and Eastern Asia, exhibiting his work and conducting visual studies. A versatile professional and a respected art instructor, he influenced a number of young artists from the Russian diaspora.

    Word Count: 47

    Mikhail Kichigin, photography, 1968 (© Yaroslavl Art Museum).
    Mikhail Kichigin, Self-portrait, drawing, around 1920 (© Yaroslavl Art Museum).Mikhail Kichigin in his studio at 10 Avenue Dubail, photography, Shanghai (© Yaroslavl Art Museum).Mikhail Kichigin, Model in Traditional Costume, painting, Shanghai (© Yaroslavl Art Museum).Mikhail Kichigin, Abandoned Temple, oil painting, Shanghai (© Yaroslavl Art Museum).Vera Kuznetzova and Mikhail Kichigin in Yaroslavl, photography, 1968 (© Yaroslavl Art Museum).
    Shanghai
    Victor Podgoursky
    ArtistDesignerTeacher

    Victor Podgoursky spent more than twenty-five years in Shanghai, working as an artist, teacher and designer. As a long-standing member of the Shanghai Art Club, he acted as the resident art critic and an instructor in life drawing and painting for the members.

    Word Count: 43

    Victor Podgoursky, photography (© Nikolay Kradin).
    Street plan of the corner of Avenue Dubail and Avenue Joffre, where Podgoursky’s studio was located (© Institut d’Asie Orientale).Interior showing the card room of the French Club, postcard, collection of the author. The murals were made by Victor Podgoursky.Victor Podgoursky, Peking Street Scene, oil painting, 1938 (© Podgourski Family Club).Musicians, oil painting, photographed in Podgoursky’s studio, Shanghai, 1940 (© 2012 Mei-Fang Elrick and Tess Johnston, Historical Photographs of China, www.hpcbristol.net).Victor Podgoursky's studio at 6 Avenue Dubail, 1940, Shanghai (© 2012 Mei-Fang Elrick and Tess Johnston, Historical Photographs of China, www.hpcbristol.net).
    Shanghai