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Hermann Schieberth

  • Given name:
    Hermann
  • Last name:
    Schieberth
  • Date of Birth:
    12-02-1976
  • Place of Birth:
    Vama (RO)
  • Date of Death:
    1948
  • Place of Death:
    Shanghai (CN)
  • Profession:
    Art dealerPhotographer
  • Introduction:

    Hermann Schieberth was a successful photographer who had two studios in Austria (from 1909/10? onwards): one in Vienna and the other in Kaltenleutgeben. Due to his Jewish background he had to flee in 1938 and arrived in Shanghai in 1939.

    Word Count: 37

  • Signature Image:
    Advertisement, Photo-Studio Prof. H Schieberth, Shanghai Jewish Chronicle, 1943, p. V.
  • Content:

    Before his emigration, Hermann Schieberth pursued a successful carrier as a photographer. In his second studio, in Kaltenleutgeben, he employed Trude Fleischmann, who would emigrate via London to New York in 1938. Schieberth taught nude photography courses at his atelier and and published his photographs with Kilophot (1905–1930), which was owned by Felix Leutner, and conributed to the journal Die Schönheit – mit Bildern geschmückte Zeitschrift für Kunst und Leben, created and published by Karl Vanselow from 1902–1914 and then by Richard A. Giersecke, who was associated with right wing thinking and concepts of racial hygiene. The journal was part of the 'Freikörperkulturbewegung' (nudism movement) and mostly featured naked bodies and topics around body hygiene and education, reform clothing, dance, art and design, as well as travel reportages related to nude photography. Other contributors were Isadora Ducan, Fidus (Hugo Höppner) and Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach. Schieberth's photographs were also published in Leopold Josef Detonis Bildnisse und Akte in 1924. Detoni owned a photography publishing house in Vienna and was a member of the Photographische Gesellschaft Wien (Photographic Society in Vienna), a professional association. He was also the founder and editor of Allgemeine Photographische Zeitung (General Photographic Newspaper). An enthusiastic supporter of Hitler’s National Socialism, he was a member of the Arisierungskomission (Aryanisation Commission).
    Schieberth is also listed as photographer for the Natur und Kultur photobook, Das Weib, which “contains 120 nudes of women from all over the world, but mostly from Europe”, and photographs by Emil Otto Hoppe, Trude Fleischmann and Karl Schenker among others. It was published by the Buchverlag der Gesellschaft zur Verbreitung klassischer Kunst in Berlin in 1925.
    Schieberth photographed numerous intellectuals and artists, such as artist Oskar Kokoschka and the photographer Karl Schenker. In Shanghai, he opened a studio and showroom named Salon d’Art, at 267 Kiangse Road in the International Settlement, not far away from the Hamilton House. Located at the junction of Kiangse Road and Foochow Road (now Jiangxi Lu and Fuzhou Lu) opposite its sister building, the Metropole Hotel, Hamilton House was one of the luxurious offices and apartment buildings designed by the architect Georg Wilson, employed at Turner and Palmer, and commissioned by Victor Sassoon. It housed the office of the German language exile press Shanghai Jewish Chronicle, published by Ossi Lewin among others. From 1939 to 1945 (1945 –1948, Shanghai Echo), members of the editorial board were Willy Tonn or Alfred Dreifuß.
    The artist Hans Jacoby wrote about his visits to Schieberth’s salon and home and remembered the latter as a “cultivated home” with “precious paintings”. Not much is known about Schieberth's photographic practice in Shanghai, but in 1943 he placed this announcement in the Shanghai Jewish Chronicle: “Prof. Schieberth still at 267 Kiangse Road buys high quality artworks of all kinds”. It would appear that he was able to remain or stay for some time at the same address despite its being outside the proclaimed designated area in 1943 by the occupying Japanese military authorities.

    Word Count: 487

  • Media:
    Die Schönheit – mit Bildern geschmückte Zeitschrift für Kunst und Leben, vol. 3, no. 3, cover.
    Peter Landow. Natur und Kultur. Das Weib. Buchverlag der Gesellschaft zur Verbreitung klassischer Kunst, Berlin 1925.
    Hermann Schieberth, Akt, photo heliogravure, 23 × 31 cm, 1925.
    Hermann Schieberth. Oskar Kokoschka als Kriegs-Freiwilliger im k. u. k. Drag.-Reg, Nr 15 (Oskar Kokoschka as a war volunteer), silver bromid.
    Hermann Schieberth, Photographer Karl Schenker in aviator outfit, 1919.
    Rosholt Malcom, Hamilton House, around 1937 (© 2012 Mei-Fei Elrick and Tess Johnston, Historical Photographs of China, University of Bristol, www.hpcbristol.net).
    Rosholt Malcom, Metropole Hotel from the window of Hamilton House, around 1937 (© 2012 Mei-Fei Elrick and Tess Johnston, Historical Photographs of China, University of Bristol, www.hpcbristol.net).
    Emma Bormann, Foochow Road, wood or lino cut, around 1940, Shanghai (© private collection).
    Advertisement, Kunst-Salon, Shanghai Jewish Chronicle, 28 May 1943, p. 4. This advertisement informs that the Art Salon still has the same address. The deadline for the forced move to the so-called Shanghai Ghetto was 15 May 1943, the advertisement appeared in the Shanghai Jewish Chronicle on 28 May 1943.
  • Bibliography (selected):

    Greif, Milena. "Die Geschichte der Wiener Fotoagentur Willinger und ihr verschwundener Bestand." Rundbrief Fotografie, vol. 11, no. 3, 2004.
    Karmasin, Mathias and Christian Oggolder. Österreichische Mediengeschichte. Von Massenmendien zu sozialen Medien (1918 bis heute). Bd. 2, Springer 2019.
    Starl, Timm. Lexikon zur Fotografie in Österreich - 1839-1945. Album Wien 2005.
    Übersee - Flucht und Emigration österreichischer Fotografen 1920 - 1940. edited by Auer, Anna, Kunsthalle Wien, 1997.

    Word Count: 57

  • Archives and Sources:

    Leo Baeck Institute, New York, Hans Jacoby Collection.
    Leo Baeck Library, New York, Periodical Collection.
    Theatermuseum, Vienna, Online Collection.

    Word Count: 19

  • Author:
    Mareike Hetschold
  • Exile:

    Shanghai, China (1939–1948)

  • Known addresses in Metromod cities:

    Salon d’Art, 267 Kiangse Road, International Settlement (now Jiangxi Zhong Lu, Huangpu Qu) Shanghai (studio)

  • Metropolis:
    Shanghai
  • Mareike Hetschold. "Hermann Schieberth." METROMOD Archive, 2021, https://archive.metromod.net/viewer.p/69/2952/object/5138-11798356, last modified: 14-09-2021.
  • Hans Jacoby
    Artist

    Hans Jacoby fled in 1938 to the Netherlands, where he was interned by the Dutch government in Hook of Holland. He was able to leave the camp and arrived, together with his wife Emma Jacoby, in Shanghai in 1940 where he continued to work as an artist.

    Word Count: 45

    Photograph, Hans Jacoby, 1940, Hans Jacoby Collection (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).
    Hans Jacoby, Chinese Theatre Masks, oil on canvas, 66,6 x 58 cm, Shanghai, 1941, Hans Jacoby Collection (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).Portrait of Willy Tonn, painting by Hans Jacoby, photography, Hans Jacoby Collection (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).Hans Jacoby, Portrait of Bao Bao, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 50 cm around 1940 [probably 1943 or later], Shanghai, Hans Jacoby Collection (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).Asia Seminar, programme, winter semester 1943/44, Hans Jacoby Collection, Box 1, Folder 5 (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).Asia Seminar, card of Hans Jacoby, winter semester 1943/44, Hans Jacoby Collection, Box 1, Folder 5 (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).Hans Jacoby, drawing of religious figure, Shanghai, Hans Jacoby Collection (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).Ernst Handl, Self Portrait, drawing, 15 September 1943, Shanghai, Hans Jacoby Collection (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).
    Shanghai
    Trude Fleischmann
    Photographer

    Trude Fleischmann was an Austrian-Jewish portrait and dance photographer who emigrated in 1939 to New York, where she opened a studio in Midtown Manhattan with the photographer Frank Elmer.

    Word Count: 28

    Portrait of Trude Fleischmann by Annie Schulz published in Die Bühne, vol. 265, January 1931, p. 15 (Photo: Helene Roth).
    Declaration of intention of Trude Fleischmann, April 1939. New York, Southern District, U.S District Court Naturalization Records, 1824–1946, Petitions for naturalization and petition evidence 1944 box 927, no 485551-485750 (© Southern District of New York Petitions for Naturalization, 1897-1944. Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685–2009, RG 21. National Archives at New York).Trude Fleischmann, Adriadic Wash Line, before 1939 published in U.S. Camera 1940, p. 131 (Photo: Helene Roth).Trude Fleischmann, Arthur Toscanini und Robert Haas, 1946, New York (© Wien Museum / Foto Birgit und Peter Kainz).Trude Fleischmann, Robert Haas bei der Arbeit in New York City, 1940s/1950s (© Wien Museum / Foto Birgit und Peter Kainz).Trude Fleischmann, Group portrait behind the scene of “Players from Abroad”, New York, 1947/48 (© Deutsche Nationalbibliothek. Deutsches Exilarchiv 1933-1945, Frankfurt am Main).Announcement of an exhibition by Trude Fleischmann at the New School for Social Research published in New School Bulletin, no. 13, 13 April 1943 (© New School course catalog collection, NS-03-01-02. The New School Archives).Trude Fleischmann, Portrait of Gert von Gontard, Elisabeth Bergner and Felix Gerstmann for the performance Iphigenie auf Tauris,New York, 1947/48 (© Deutsche Nationalbibliothek. Deutsches Exilarchiv 1933-1945, Frankfurt am Main).
    New York
    Victor Sassoon
    Entrepreneur

    Victor Sassoon was a descendant of the Baghdadi Jewish Sassoon merchant family. He contributed significantly to a real estate boom in Shanghai in the 1920s and 1930s and helped European Jews in the Shanghai Ghetto. An ambitious amateur photographer, he produced many images of people and events of the time.

    Word Count: 50

    Photograph of Victor Sassoon. G. L. “Die Immigration – ein Problem.” Shanghai Woche (Weekly Review), 30 March 1939, p. 3.
    Hahn, Emily. China to Me. A Partial Autobiography. BCE, The Blakiston Company, 1944, cover.
    Shanghai
    Asia Seminar
    University / Higher Education Institute / Research Institute

    The Asia Seminar was run by the scholar Willy Tonn (1902–1945), who founded it in 1943 and enriched the cultural and scholarly life in the so-called Shanghai Ghetto during the harsh wartime period.

    Word Count: 31

    Portrait of Willy Tonn, painting by Hans Jacoby, photography, Hans Jacoby Collection (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).
    Hans Jacoby, Portrait of Bao Bao, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 50 cm around 1940 [probably 1943 or later], Shanghai, Hans Jacoby Collection (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).Asia Seminar, programme, winter semester 1943/44, Hans Jacoby Collection, Box 1, Folder 5 (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).Asia Seminar, card of Hans Jacoby, winter semester 1943/44, Hans Jacoby Collection, Box 1, Folder 5 (© Leo Baeck Institute, New York).“Eroeffnung des ‘Asia Seminar’.“Juedisches Nachrichtenblatt, 18 February 1944, vol. 5, no. 7, p. 5.“Eroeffnung des Asia Seminars.” Shanghai Echo, 25 August 1946, p. 7.
    Shanghai